A Study Of Educated Migrant Employees With Focus On Their Mental Health Profile And Level Of Job Satisfaction

"Introduction: The mental and physical stresses for migrants are often counterbalanced by aspirations for economic security and better life. The phenomenon of migration and its association with job satisfaction and psychological distress require a long overdue attention as it affect the country's resources. Objectives: To compare the job satisfaction among migrants and non-migrant employees and to study its impact on their mental well-being. Methodology: The cross sectional analytical study was conducted among 228 migrants and equal number of non- migrant using snow-ball sampling technique. Only the educated professionals of three job profiles were taken for convenience. Considering job satisfaction as a multidimensional concept, this study used three independent subscales to evaluate the job satisfaction namely abridged job descriptive index ( a JDI), Stress in general (SIG) and Trust in management (TIM). For assessing psychological distress 28 item GHQ was used. Result: The overall job satisfaction observed in 55.2% employees which was higher among non- migrants (66.6%) than migrants (43.8%). 48.68% of participants were stressed and higher among migrants (50.43%) than non- migrants (46.92%). 51.75% of study participants extended trust in the management of organisation they worked for but migrant experienced a significant trust deficit with their counterparts. 29.1% of study participants demonstrated psychiatric deviations and steep risk is of impending psychological disturbances observed twice (40.78%) than non- migrant (17.54%). Key words: Migration, Job satisfaction, Psychological distress. Key Message: 1. Job satisfaction more in non-migrant 2. Stress more in migrants 3. Duration of migration associated with overall job satisfaction. "

Uday Shankar Singh