"Though a number of studies on elderly population have been appeared in developing south Asian countries including India, majority of them are based on the general population. Very few studies based on primary data, focused its attention on health and related issued of tribalâ€™s elderly population living in remote areas. Low socio-economic status, high rate of illiteracy, and general lack of basic amenities constitute a major problem for the elderly tribes particularly in rural areas. The aim of this paper is to study the status of elderly particularly their health position and factors affecting therein. Explanatory factors are taken on both household and individual (elderly) levels. Firstly, likelihood association of the dependent variable (health status of elderly) is examined across various socio-economic, demographic and cultural explanatory variables. Secondly, a multivariate regression analysis is carried out to identify the significant correlates. The study is based on a sample of 385 elderly people (60+) collected from rural areas of northern and most populous state â€œUttar Pradeshâ€ of India in 2015. The sample is drawn by applying a multistage random sampling technique. The marital status and occupation of the elderly at present were found to have significant impact on the heath status of elderly. Asthma/respiratory problems and tuberculosis were more common in low socio-economic status household and elderly tribes worked as forest gather and majority were taking ayurvedic treatment. While hypertension, heart problems, diabetes were also significantly related with the occupation of elderly & socio-economic status and more in upper class elderly. Key words: Tribes, Health status, treatment types Key messages: 1. Asthama/Respiratory problems were very common among elderly tribes. 2. About one-third of the elderly were taking ayurvedic/homemade treatment for their illness. 3. Only about 10 per cent of the elderly utilizing public health services. "