Diabetes Risk Profile By Using Indian Diabetes Risk Score Among Urban Population Of Ludhiana, India

Background-Diabetes is one of the major non-communicable diseases of the world. India has the dubious distinction of being the “diabetic capital” of the world with over 32 million diabetic patients and this number is projected to increase to 79.4 million by the year 2030. Objective- To assess the diabetes risk profile of urban population of Punjab by using Indian Diabetes risk score (IDRS). Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the Urban Training Health Centre, Department of Community Medicine of Dayanand Medical College & Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab, India. Every fifth patient attending outpatient department at UHTC (average daily OPD attendance of 60-70 patients) and meeting the required inclusion criteria from 1st January 2016 to 29th February 2016 was included in the study. The inclusion criteria included all OPD patients aged 18 years and above during the study period. The study assessed diabetes risk as per IDRS and analyzed the future risk of diabetes in them. Results: A total of 273 subjects with a mean age of 48.1±15.5 yrs were assessed. The mean body mass index of male and female subjects were 25.03±5.3 and 25.55±5.2 Kg/m2 respectively. On calculating the IDRS, 9.9% subjects had low risk (≤20), 58.6% had moderate risk (30-50) while 31.5%% subjects had high risk (≥60) for developing diabetes. Education and BMI were significantly associated with the risk of developing Diabetes. Conclusion- Awareness and health education campaigns should be implemented for early identification of risks which will help in prevention of the disease. Key Words- Diabetes, Risk factors, IDRS Key Messages- 1 Risk of developing Diabetes can be assessed by using IDRS in the community. 2 Education and BMI are associated with risk of diabetes 3 After assessment of risk, preventive measures can be implemented at individual and community level .

Sangeeta Girdhar

Dayanand Medical college and Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab, India

Dr Sangeeta Girdhar is working as Professor in Department of Community Medicine at DMCH, Ludhiana,Punjab. She has participated in various National Programmes. She has published more than twenty research articles in National and International Journals. She is member of editorial team of Internet J of Health and IJCHMR.