Alcohol impacts people and societies in many ways and it is determined by the volume of alcohol consumed, the pattern of drinking, and, on rare occasions, the quality of alcohol consumed. In 2012, about 3.3 million deaths, or 5.9 % of all global deaths, were attributable to alcohol consumption [9]) Harmful use of alcohol is a causal factor in more than 200 diseases and injuries [10]. The second good practice manual, on drinking and driving, was launched by the Global Road Safety Partnership (GRSP) ahead of the UN Road Safety Week [12]. In summary, maintaining weight within the normal range, eating a healthy diet, keeping active, avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol have all been demonstrated as effective means to reduce the risks for chronic disease. These lifestyle behaviours have been shown to be achievable with a range of readily available interventions for targeted participant groups [13]. Amongst the general public, a wide variety of behavioural lifestyle interventions have demonstrated effective risk reduction in terms of weight loss or prevention of weight gain, improved diet, increased exercise and activity, smoking cessation and reduction in hazardous alcohol consumption [14, 33, 34].

Audrone Barkauskiene