Knowledge of Health Effects and Attitudes toward use of Firewood Cooking Stove Among Women in Samaru Community

Background: In developing countries, about 2.5 billion people rely on biomass, such as fuel wood, charcoal, agricultural waste and animal dung, to meet their energy needs for cooking. Despite well documented evidence of the harmful effects of the use of solid fuels on both the environment and health of especially mothers and children, it has been observed that many households especially in the rural areas of developing countries still use biomass as their main source of fuel for cooking. Methodology: A cross sectional descriptive study was carried out among 257 married women in Samaru community using multistage sampling technique. A pre-tested interviewer- administered questionnaire was used for data collection. The data was analysed using SPSS version 20. Result: Majority (84.7%) of the respondents were aware that firewood smoke affects their health. Respondents knowledge on the type of fuel that is best for one's health were; kerosene (54.9%), gas (19.8%), wood (13.2%), electricity (7.4%), agricultural waste (2.7%) and coal (1.9%). Majority (89.5%) of the respondents have positive attitude towards the use of firewood cooking stove. There was statistically significant association between level of income (p<0.01) and use of firewood cooking stove. Conclusion: The knowledge of effects of fire wood smoke on the health of respondents was found to be low, however they have positive attitude towards the use of fire wood cooking stove. Recommendation: More efficient cooking technologies should be promoted and scaled up by the state government as alternatives to traditional biomass fuels. Keywords: Health related behaviours, Health promotion and Commnities&environment Key Messages 1.Knowledge of health effect of use firewood cooking stove 2.Attitudes toward use of firewood cooking stove 3.Socio-demographic factors affecting the use firewood cooking stove

Jimoh Ibrahim