Obesity - a key risk factor for diabetes among government employees.



"Study design: Cross sectional Study population: 590 government employees Methodology: -BMI and WHR was taken and calculated according to standard procedures and by single person to avoid inter observer variation. -FBS and PP2BS were done using venous blood for diabetes testing. -Blood pressure was measured for three times adopting standard procedure with well calibrated instrument by single person. Results and Discussion: Out of study population (590),58.1% were Normal (BMI<=25)& prevalence of diabetes among them was 10.8%, 34.8% were overweight (BMI=25.1 to 30) & prevalence of diabetes among them was 17.1% and 7.1% were obese (BMI>30)& prevalence of diabetes among them was 16.7%. The difference was statistically significant for increasing BMI and prevalence of diabetes. (P=0.038). Out of 518 male employees screened for diabetes 66.98% had no central obesity (WHR<=95)& prevalence of diabetes among them was 8.1% on other hand 33.01%had central obesity (WHR>95)& prevalence of diabetes among them was 25.1% which is about three times higher then those who had no central obesity. This difference was found statistically significant (P=0.0000). Out of 72 female employees screened for diabetes 63.9% had no central obesity (WHR<=85)& prevalence of diabetes among them was 6.5% on other hand 36.1%had central obesity (WHR>85)& prevalence of diabetes among them was 19.1% which is about three times higher then those who had no central obesity. Key Word: Noncommunicable/chronic diseases, risk factors Key Messages: 1 High prevalence of DM among obese persons 2 Central obesity is key risk factor 3 Government employees are more prone "


Rajendra Gadhavi