Flint Michigan Water Crisis Demonstrates Need For Improved Water Testing To Support A Water Quality Index.(WQI).



The Flint Michigan drinking water emergency demonstrates why communities in the United States need a Water Quality Index (WQI). The EPA should provide a Water Quality Index similar to the Air Quality Index (AQI). The Flint Water emergency demonstrates how vulnerable thousands of people can become when they are not informed of potential health threats in their drinking water. The Flint Michigan drinking water disaster is a result of a flawed National and State policy regarding drinking water testing. The public health disaster could have been avoided by properly conducted regular point of use drinking water testing for contaminants and opportunistic pathogens by local and state health agencies. Each U.S. State should now consider operating a Water Applied Testing and Environmental Research (WATER) Center to support public health surveillance of drinking water. These WATER centers should be independent of State and local agencies and provide unbiased results. Key Messages The Flint Water emergency demonstrates how vulnerable thousands of people can suddenly become when they are not informed of potential health threats in their drinking water. The Flint Michigan drinking water emergency demonstrates why communities in the United States need a Water Quality Index (WQI). The Flint Michigan drinking water disaster is a result of a flawed U.S. National and Michigan State policy regarding drinking water testing. Keywords Leadership and governance Disaster/emergency preparedness and management Surveillance, outbreaks, epidemics Built environment Public health policy, legislation, ethics Epidemiology


Zigmond Kozicki

University of Detroit Mercy

Bio: Zigmond Kozicki DHA, MSA, MA, BS, LLP
Hello I am Dr. Zigmond "Ziggy" A. Kozicki. I am an Associate Professor at the University of Detroit Mercy. I have over forty years of experience in healthcare services and in higher education. My research interests are waterborne pathogens and health care acquired infections, violence prevention and motor vehicle accident survivors. My groundbreaking recent research regarding waterborne pathogen risk assessment (2011) involved a national survey of 393 U.S. hospitals. I am involved in continuing research about waterborne pathogens and healthcare associated infections. I am a proponent of a Water Quality Index for all community water systems. Contact me if you share my interests.